Theocritus: Encomium of Ptolemy Philadelphus

By Richard Hunter

Lower than Ptolemy II Philadelphus, who governed Egypt in the midst of the 3rd century B.C.E., Alexandria grew to become the intense multicultural capital of the Greek international. Theocritus's poem in compliment of Philadelphus—at as soon as a Greek king and an Egyptian pharaoh—is the one prolonged poetic tribute to this awesome ruler that survives. Combining the Greek textual content, an English translation, an entire line-by-line observation, and vast introductory experiences of the poem's old and literary context, this quantity additionally deals a wide-ranging and far-reaching attention of the workings and illustration of poetic patronage within the Ptolemaic age. particularly, the booklet explores the delicate and intricate hyperlinks between Theocritus's poem, modes of compliment drawn from either Greek and Egyptian traditions, and the next flowering of Latin poetry within the Augustan age.

As the 1st exact account of this crucial poem to teach how Theocritus may have drawn at the pharaonic traditions of Egypt in addition to previous Greek poetry, this publication offers distinct perception into how compliment poetry for Ptolemy and his spouse could have helped to barter the difference of Greek tradition that modified stipulations of the recent Hellenistic international. precious for its transparent translation and its remark on style, dialect, diction, and ancient reference on the subject of Theocritus's Encomium, the booklet can be major for what it unearths in regards to the poem's cultural and social contexts and approximately Theocritus' units for addressing his a number of readerships.

COVER photograph: the picture at the entrance conceal of this e-book is incorrectly pointed out at the jacket flap. the proper caption is: Gold Oktadrachm depicting Ptolemy II and Arsinoe (mid-third century BCE; by way of permission of the Museum of excellent Arts, Boston).

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Oi|si: This epic shape happens nowhere else within the Theocritean corpus other than within the most likely spurious Idyll 25 (vv. 33, 45); cf. above, p. fifty eight. ejtivmhsan: Gods in most cases “honor” mortals for his or her characteristics or sturdy prone, in Egyptian at the least in Greek culture (cf. West on Hes. Theog. 81), and the ownership of serious wealth itself could be a signal of such honor. within the priestly decrees for later Ptolemies (above, p. 3), it's a ordinary motif that the gods gift the king’s companies with victory, well-being, balance within the state, and so forth.

However the reference to “ambrosia,” the sweet-smelling Olympian oil, continues to be strongly felt after nevktaro" in v. 29. leukosfuvrou: In archaic epic Hebe is standardly kallivsfuro" (Od. eleven. 603; Hymn. Hom. Heracles [15]. eight; Hes. Theog. 950). -sfuroˇ 124 / remark on traces 33 and 34–40 ( basic) was once a efficient su‹x, notwithstanding “white-ankled” isn't really came across in different places. 33 o{pla kai; aujto;n ktl. : regardless of Hesiod fr. 33(a). 28–29 (Periclymenos), oujd' e[ddeise Dio;" talasivfrona pai¸da, | aujto;n kai; kluta; tovxa, this is often an a laugh pairing, possibly suggestive of o{ploi" aujtoi'", “weapons and all,” and one pointed by means of the moderate zeugma with a[gousi (one could count on fevrein of the weapons).

166, and so forth. ). 2. e[hn, v. thirteen. This epic shape happens somewhere else merely at 24. 133 and 25. 218. three. Unaugmented prior tenses ensue at vv. fifty four, fifty eight, fifty nine, sixty four, sixty five, 119, and 132. four. e[eipen, v. seventy one. Such epic types take place in other places simply at 22. 153; 25. seventy seven, 179; and 26. 18 and 19. five. stovrnusin, v. 133. This, instead of stovrnuti, is secure via ephelkystic nu; this sort of shape happens nowhere else within the corpus. Noun/Adjective Case Endings 1. Dative plurals in -oisi and -aisi ensue in the course of the poem and aren't infrequent within the bucolics; also they are generic in excessive Doric lyric (Pindar, and so forth.

For example, Bosworth 1996, 119–27), the god’s value for the Ptolemaic royal apartment definitely intensified from Philadelphus on; within the Dionysiac component of the “Grand Procession” the statues of Alexander and Ptolemy wore golden ivy crowns (Ath. five. 201d), might be evoking the diadem. hence Alexander right here takes a task in different places performed through Dionysus, specifically, that of Heracles’ consuming companion (cf. LIMC s. v. Herakles 1500–10; Lada-Richards 1999, 201–4). aijolo- is a effective aspect for Homeric compound adjectives, and aijovlo" itself is usually glossed as poikivlo" (LfgrE s.

VH four. 15) experiences his “bodily loss of power” (cf. Weber 1993, 232–33). Be that because it might— and Philadelphus’s army achievements have actually frequently been underestimated (for the indictment cf. , for instance, Hazzard 2000, 106–8)—the Hesiodic trend is the following bolstered by means of an inherited pharaonic notion of kingship during which the son ( Horus) is certainly “identical” to the daddy (Osiris), simply because either successively play out an identical function as protector of Egypt. what's actual of 1 is right of the opposite; repetitiveness around the generations is the 142 / remark on strains fifty seven and 58–76 ( common) hallmark of the self-representation of the pharaohs in artwork and inscriptions, and anything of that ideology shades T.

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