Henry IV (The English Monarchs Series)

Henry IV (1399–1413), the son of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster, seized the English throne on the age of thirty-two from his cousin Richard II and held it till his loss of life, elderly forty-five, while he used to be succeeded through his son, Henry V. This accomplished and nuanced biography restores to his rightful position a king frequently missed in desire of his illustrious progeny.
 
Henry confronted the standard difficulties of usurpers: international wars, rebellions, and plots, in addition to the pursuits and calls for of the Lancastrian retainers who had helped him win the throne. via 1406 his rule was once largely validated, and even though he turned ailing presently after this and not totally recovered, he retained final strength till his demise. utilizing a wide selection of formerly untapped archival fabrics, Chris Given-Wilson finds a classy, extravagant, and skeptical monarch who overwhelmed competition ruthlessly yet by no means really succeeded in pleasant the expectancies of his personal supporters.

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35 but if this self-evidently appealed to Gaunt, it was once rarely more likely to were Richard's manner of fixing the Gascons' challenge. in reality, the king had no desire to air the query of the succession, and he wouldn't have thanked Gaunt for elevating it, even supposing he should have identified completely good that others have been discussing the potential of the crown passing to the home of Lancaster. finally, except Richard had a toddler, Gaunt after which Henry have been his subsequent heirs within the direct male line, and this used to be a state during which the vast majority of nice estates have been entailed upon male heirs in the course of the process the fourteenth century, as certainly the crown have been in 1376.

C. Given-Wilson (Woodbridge, 2002), 53–62 Allmand, C. , Henry V (New Haven, 1997) Allmand, C. , ‘A Bishop of Bangor throughout the Glyn Dwr rebellion: Richard Young’, magazine of the ancient Society of the Church in Wales (1968), 47–56 Ambuhl, R. , Prisoners of conflict within the Hundred Years warfare: Ransom tradition within the overdue heart a while (Cambridge, 2013) Archer, R. , ‘Parliamentary recovery: John Mowbray and the Dukedom of Norfolk in 1425’, in Rulers and governed in overdue Medieval England: Essays offered to Gerald Harriss, eds R.

Bradley (London list Society forty six, London, 2012) Wavrin, Jean, choice of the Chronicles and historic Histories of significant Britain, ed. W. Hardy (6 vols, RS, London, 1864–91) Welsh documents in Paris, ed. T. Matthews (Carmarthen, 1910) Westminster Chronicle 1381–1394, ed. L. Hector and B. Harvey (Oxford, 1982) SECONDARY resources Aberth, J. , legal Churchmen within the Age of Edward III: The Case of Bishop Thomas de Lisle (Philadelphia, 1996) Alban, J. and Allmand, C. ‘Spies and Spying within the Fourteenth Century’, in battle, Literature and Politics within the past due center a long time, ed.

My because of Guilhem Pepin for his aid with Guyenne in Henry's reign. 32 CGR 1399–1400, no. fifty three; Durfort's appointment involved a few at the king's council (POPC, i. 181). 33 M. Vale, English Gascony (Oxford, 1970), 27–54; for Gaunt in Guyenne, see above, pp. 89–92. 34 CGR 1400–1, no. 10. Froissart, might be overstating the case, stated Richard's deposition used to be greeted in Bordeaux with ‘great sorrow’ (Oeuvres de Froissart, xvi. 211–21). 35 CGR 1399–1400, no. 146; CPR 1399–1401, 271. 36 CGR 1400–1, no. 10 (pardon to Bayonne, 14 March 1401); E 28/8 (pardon to Bordeaux, nine may perhaps 1401); CGR 1400–1, nos.

Seventy five Milner, ‘The English Enterprise’, 82–5. seventy six E 403/613, 18 Sept. 1413 (£5,600, plus 500 sheaves of arrows despatched to Dorset ‘for the safekeeping and governance of the duchy’); Henry V consulted the Treaty of Bourges in may well 1415 (Antient Kalendars, ii. 84). seventy seven Wylie, Henry the 5th, i. 134–5; CGR 1413–14, nos. 7, nine, 37, fifty eight; Vale, English Gascony, 68–75. Sir John Blount's defence of Soubise opposed to (it was once stated) 4,000 Frenchmen, and the trap of many French lords through Dorset at Montendre in August 1413, have been specially famous by way of chroniclers (Chronicle of London 1089–1483, 95–6; SAC II, 616–18; Dorset's esquire, who introduced information of the trap of French lords at Montendre and in other places, was once given �20 by means of Henry V: E 403/613, 18 Sept.

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