God Laughed: Sources of Jewish Humor (Jewish Studies)

By Hershey H. Friedman, Linda Weiser Friedman

Humor has had a profound impact at the manner the Jewish humans see the area, and has sustained them via millennia of hardships and discomfort. God Laughed experiences, organizes, and categorizes the humor of the traditional Jewish texts—the Hebrew Bible, the Talmud, and Midrash—in a transparent, readable, and obtainable manner.

These works have stimulated the Jewish humans in lots of methods, and all are replete with humor and wit. unavoidably, this oeuvre of Jewish humor has itself encouraged generations of comics, in addition to genres of humor. The authors use examples of Biblical humor from numerous wide different types, together with irony, sarcasm, wordplay, funny names, funny imagery, and funny situations.

Because their fundamental function isn't to entertain, yet to educate humanity find out how to reside the right lifestyles, a lot of the humor within the Talmud and the Midrash has a unmarried objective: to illustrate that evil is inaccurate or even, from time to time, ludicrous. this can support clarify why nearly 1,500 years after its final, the Talmud continues to be this type of attention-grabbing paintings. God Laughed is the most recent addition to Transaction’s Jewish reports series.

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Forty four in actual fact, humor that revels within the misfortunes of the infirm and susceptible, or that mocks faith or different optimistic societal values, is condemned by means of the Talmud. The humor the Talmud approves of is useful and has a better goal: makes humans take pleasure in God’s global, pokes enjoyable at sin, is helping to deliver peace to an altercation, and so on. at the very least one passage within the Talmud teaches that humor can pave our approach into Paradise: Rabbi Beroka Hozaah requested Elijah the Prophet: Is there anyone during this industry who's destined for Paradise?

Chananiah b. Gamliel: Fourth-generation Tanna. Chaninah (b. Chama): First-generation Israeli Amora. Born in Babylonia yet settled in Israel (Sepphoris). Chaninah b. Dosa: First-generation Tanna. Chaninah b. Papa: Third-generation Israeli Amora. Chaninah b. Teradyon: Third-generation Tanna. Chisda: moment- and third-generation Babylonian Amora. Chiya: Transition interval among Tannaim and Amoraim. Chiya b. Abba: Third-generation Amora. Born in Babylonia yet settled in Israel while younger. Chiya b. Ashi: Second-generation Babylonian Amora.

Are we a cultural goup? It’s a tempting characterization, but—nope. simply as Jews mingled DNA with no matter what international locations they lived between over the centuries, in addition they took at the tradition in their host nation and, now not by the way, have been for that reason very shocked to be thrown out. curiously, based on critiques expressed within the Babylonian Talmud by way of Rabbi Eliezer and Rabbi Yochanan, the explanation the Lord exiled the Jews one of the countries used to be so that proselytes may still subscribe to them. eight The Jerusalem Talmud is going even extra and states: “When the Jewish humans do the desire of the Holy One, God is going all around the whole global and sees who's a righteous individual one of the countries and brings him and attaches him unto the Jewish humans.

38. Babylonian Talmud, Sanhedrin 101a. 39. Deuteronomy 6:5. forty. Jerusalem Talmud, Berachot 9:5. forty-one. Babylonian Talmud, Avot 3:17. forty two. Babylonian Talmud, Sotah 42a. forty three. Psalms 1. forty four. Psalms 1:1. forty five. Babylonian Talmud, Taanit 22a. forty six. actually, one that has again to the religion. bankruptcy 7 1. Isaiah 8:14. 2. Babylonian Talmud, Sanhedrin 38a. three. Midrash Leviticus Rabbah 12:1. four. Midrash Leviticus Rabbah 12:1. five. Proverbs 23:29–30. 6. Genesis Rabbah 36:4. 7. Midrash Tanchuma Leviticus: Shmini eleven. eight. Babylonian Talmud, Avot D’Rabbi Natan 41:1.

Yevamot 62b–63a. sixty two. Exodus 15:17. sixty three. Exodus 25:8. sixty four. Babylonian Talmud, Ketubot 62b. sixty five. Babylonian Talmud, Nedarim 66b. sixty six. Babylonian Talmud, Nedarim 66a. sixty seven. Babylonian Talmud, Ketubot 65a. sixty eight. Babylonian Talmud, Nedarim 66b. sixty nine. Babylonian Talmud, Nedarim 66b. 70. See Numbers five. seventy one. Jerusalem Talmud, Sotah 1:4. seventy two. See Numbers 5:11–31. seventy three. Babylonian Talmud, Nedarim 66b. seventy four. Babylonian Talmud, Bava Batra 12b. seventy five. I Kings 1:15. seventy six. Babylonian Talmud, Sanhedrin 22a. seventy seven. Exodus 20:11. seventy eight. Midrash Genesis Rabbah 68:4. seventy nine. Sotah 2a.

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