By Coulter H. George
How did historic Greek exhibit that an occasion happened at a selected time, for a undeniable period, or inside of a given timeframe? the reply to those questions is determined by numerous stipulations - the character of the time noun, the demanding and element of the verb, the actual historic interval of Greek within which the writer lived - that latest stories of the language don't take sufficiently under consideration. This ebook therefore examines the conditions that govern using the genitive, dative, and accusative of time, in addition to the appropriate prepositional structures, essentially in Greek prose of the 5th century BC throughout the moment century advert, but in addition in Homer. whereas the focal point is on advancements in Greek, translations of the examples, in addition to an absolutely glossed precis bankruptcy, make it available to linguists drawn to the expression of time more often than not.
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Extra info for Expressions of Time in Ancient Greek (Cambridge Classical Studies)
A hundred. 2) (68) καὶ χρόνῳ ξυνέβησαν καθ’ ὁμολογίαν And in time they reached an contract to give up (Th. 1. ninety eight. three) whereas (67) has a similar type of dative of measure of distinction as (65) and (66), it really is much less visible how one should still classify the dative χρόνῳ in (68). A superﬁcial look on the English translation might recommend that χρόνῳ may be an easy punctual dative, as in time noun is one universal manner of translating this building into fifty two s y nt a ct i c am b i g u i ti e s English. certainly, one could examine a word that comes just a couple of chapters later: (69) δεκάτῳ ἔτει .
31, and Cyr. eight. 1. forty five. the differences comprise μήτε for οὔτε and the reversal of the order of the 2 components. For different examples of the organization of the genitive with negativity, see Chanet (1994); word additionally the distinction among ἐτόξευσε θηρίων and ἐτόξευσε θηρία mentioned via Ruijgh (1994: 138). That stated, there's the occasional counter-example, e. g. An. three. 1. three (= ex. (26) in Ch. 1). That the temporal word is comparatively unemphatic is usually advised by means of the place the contrastive concentration lies within the μέν- and δέ-clauses: the bodyguards shape a circle whilst Cyrus is domestic, yet are stationed in this part and that once he's touring.
Eight. nine, Oec. five. four, Cyr. five. 1. eleven, eight. five. 2, Cyn. five. five, five. 6. There is still Mem. 2. 1. 30, that's most likely additionally emphatic, yet to a far lesser quantity than the opposite examples. one hundred thirty five ex p re s s i o ns of ti m e : s t y le , ge n re , a n d di a c h ro n y (26) φανερὸς δὲ ἐγένετο καὶ ὁ νεὼς τοῦ Ποσειδῶνος ταύτῃ τῇ νυκτὶ καόμενος And the temple of Poseidon was once conspicuous because it burned that evening (HG four. five. four) (27) κωμάζει γὰρ ἡ πόλις πᾶσα τῇδε τῇ νυκτί32 For the entire urban is celebrating in this evening (Cyr. 7. five. 25) subsequent, people with the genitive of time: (28) ὥστ’ ἐκείνης τῆς νυκτὸς οὐδεὶς ἐκοιμήθη And so nobody slept on that evening (HG 2.
These touching on time (Kühner–Gerth 1898: 605–6, Gildersleeve 1911: 259–60). also they are stumbled on two times in ordinary expressions, either one of which include either time nouns: three. 88. three and seven. 28. 2. The durative instance with τὴν ἡμέραν happens at 2. eighty one. eight, people with τὴν νύκτα at three. seventy four. three, four. forty five. 1, four. sixty eight. five, four. 103. 1, 7. 29. three, 7. seventy four. 1. seventy one e x p r es s i o n s o f t i m e in t hu c y did e s verbs, βάλλω and ἐπιγίγνομαι, describe occasions that symbolize relatively sought after issues within the narrative. moment, the connection among the temporal expression and the broader context is various while διά+G is used.
1). That the temporal word is comparatively unemphatic is usually instructed through the place the contrastive concentration lies within the μέν- and δέ-clauses: the bodyguards shape a circle whilst Cyrus is domestic, yet are stationed in this aspect and that after he's touring. 121 ex p re s s i o ns of ti m e : s t y le , ge n re , a n d di a c h ro n y And allow them to be introduced out in the course of the summer season till midday, in the course of wintry weather through the day, in the course of crumble from at midday, and until eventually night within the spring (X. Cyn. four. eleven) Why is τὸ ἔαρ within the accusative of time, however the different seasons within the genitive?