Expressions of Time in Ancient Greek (Cambridge Classical Studies)

By Coulter H. George

How did historic Greek exhibit that an occasion happened at a selected time, for a undeniable period, or inside of a given timeframe? the reply to those questions is determined by numerous stipulations - the character of the time noun, the demanding and element of the verb, the actual historic interval of Greek within which the writer lived - that latest stories of the language don't take sufficiently under consideration. This ebook therefore examines the conditions that govern using the genitive, dative, and accusative of time, in addition to the appropriate prepositional structures, essentially in Greek prose of the 5th century BC throughout the moment century advert, but in addition in Homer. whereas the focal point is on advancements in Greek, translations of the examples, in addition to an absolutely glossed precis bankruptcy, make it available to linguists drawn to the expression of time more often than not.

Show description

Quick preview of Expressions of Time in Ancient Greek (Cambridge Classical Studies) PDF

Best Ancient Greece books

The Iliad

The nice struggle epic of Western literature, translated via acclaimed classicist Robert Fagles   courting to the 9th century B. C. , Homer’s undying poem nonetheless vividly conveys the horror and heroism of fellows and gods wrestling with towering feelings and scuffling with amidst devastation and destruction, because it strikes inexorably to the wrenching, tragic end of the Trojan struggle.

The Greek Alexander Romance (Penguin Classics)

Considering his dying within the 3rd century BC, each one age has woven its personal legends round the determine of Alexander the nice. If the Hebrew culture observed him as a preacher and prophet, to the Persians he was once alternately a real king and an arch-Satan, whereas in sleek Greece he's respected extra as a sensible guy than as a conqueror.

Demosthenes and His Time: A Study in Defeat

This booklet attracts on quite a lot of proof to review the background of Athens from 386 to 322 B. C. Taking a sympathetic view of the second one Athenian League, Sealey specializes in the profession of Demosthenes to supply vital insights into Athenian politics and guidelines. Demosthenes skilled repeated setbacks in his early makes an attempt at public task, yet chanced on his venture as a statesman within the clash with Macedon and consequently turned the prime guy in Athens.

After Thermopylae: The Oath of Plataea and the End of the Graeco-Persian Wars (Emblems of Antiquity)

The conflict of Plataea in 479 BCE is certainly one of international history's unjustly missed occasions. It decisively ended the specter of a Persian conquest of Greece. It concerned tens of hundreds of thousands of opponents, together with the biggest variety of Greeks ever introduced jointly in a typical reason. For the Spartans, the motive force in the back of the Greek victory, the conflict was once candy vengeance for his or her defeat at Thermopylae the 12 months ahead of.

Extra info for Expressions of Time in Ancient Greek (Cambridge Classical Studies)

Show sample text content

A hundred. 2) (68) καὶ χρόνῳ ξυνέβησαν καθ’ ὁμολογίαν And in time they reached an contract to give up (Th. 1. ninety eight. three) whereas (67) has a similar type of dative of measure of distinction as (65) and (66), it really is much less visible how one should still classify the dative χρόνῳ in (68). A superficial look on the English translation might recommend that χρόνῳ may be an easy punctual dative, as in time noun is one universal manner of translating this building into fifty two s y nt a ct i c am b i g u i ti e s English. certainly, one could examine a word that comes just a couple of chapters later: (69) δεκάτῳ ἔτει .

31, and Cyr. eight. 1. forty five. the differences comprise μήτε for οὔτε and the reversal of the order of the 2 components. For different examples of the organization of the genitive with negativity, see Chanet (1994); word additionally the distinction among ἐτόξευσε θηρίων and ἐτόξευσε θηρία mentioned via Ruijgh (1994: 138). That stated, there's the occasional counter-example, e. g. An. three. 1. three (= ex. (26) in Ch. 1). That the temporal word is comparatively unemphatic is usually advised by means of the place the contrastive concentration lies within the μέν- and δέ-clauses: the bodyguards shape a circle whilst Cyrus is domestic, yet are stationed in this part and that once he's touring.

Eight. nine, Oec. five. four, Cyr. five. 1. eleven, eight. five. 2, Cyn. five. five, five. 6. There is still Mem. 2. 1. 30, that's most likely additionally emphatic, yet to a far lesser quantity than the opposite examples. one hundred thirty five ex p re s s i o ns of ti m e : s t y le , ge n re , a n d di a c h ro n y (26) φανερὸς δὲ ἐγένετο καὶ ὁ νεὼς τοῦ Ποσειδῶνος ταύτῃ τῇ νυκτὶ καόμενος And the temple of Poseidon was once conspicuous because it burned that evening (HG four. five. four) (27) κωμάζει γὰρ ἡ πόλις πᾶσα τῇδε τῇ νυκτί32 For the entire urban is celebrating in this evening (Cyr. 7. five. 25) subsequent, people with the genitive of time: (28) ὥστ’ ἐκείνης τῆς νυκτὸς οὐδεὶς ἐκοιμήθη And so nobody slept on that evening (HG 2.

These touching on time (Kühner–Gerth 1898: 605–6, Gildersleeve 1911: 259–60). also they are stumbled on two times in ordinary expressions, either one of which include either time nouns: three. 88. three and seven. 28. 2. The durative instance with τὴν ἡμέραν happens at 2. eighty one. eight, people with τὴν νύκτα at three. seventy four. three, four. forty five. 1, four. sixty eight. five, four. 103. 1, 7. 29. three, 7. seventy four. 1. seventy one e x p r es s i o n s o f t i m e in t hu c y did e s verbs, βάλλω and ἐπιγίγνομαι, describe occasions that symbolize relatively sought after issues within the narrative. moment, the connection among the temporal expression and the broader context is various while διά+G is used.

1). That the temporal word is comparatively unemphatic is usually instructed through the place the contrastive concentration lies within the μέν- and δέ-clauses: the bodyguards shape a circle whilst Cyrus is domestic, yet are stationed in this aspect and that after he's touring. 121 ex p re s s i o ns of ti m e : s t y le , ge n re , a n d di a c h ro n y And allow them to be introduced out in the course of the summer season till midday, in the course of wintry weather through the day, in the course of crumble from at midday, and until eventually night within the spring (X. Cyn. four. eleven) Why is τὸ ἔαρ within the accusative of time, however the different seasons within the genitive?

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.42 of 5 – based on 42 votes