Sociology

Traffic: Why We Drive the Way We Do (and What It Says About Us)

By Tom Vanderbilt

A New York Times amazing Book

One of the simplest Books of the Year
The Washington PostThe Cleveland Plain-DealerRocky Mountain News

In this outstanding, energetic, and eye-opening research, Tom Vanderbilt examines the perceptual limits and cognitive underpinnings that make us worse drivers than we predict we're. He demonstrates why plans to guard pedestrians from automobiles usually result in extra injuries. He uncovers who's likely to honk at whom, and why. He explains why site visitors jams shape, outlines the unintentional outcomes of our quest for protection, or even identifies the commonest mistake drivers make in parking lots. Traffic is approximately greater than using: it is approximately human nature. it's going to swap the way in which we see ourselves and the area round us, and it could actually even make us larger drivers.

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The Culture of Fear: Why Americans Are Afraid of the Wrong Things: Crime, Drugs, Minorities, Teen Moms, Killer Kids, Mutant Microbes, Plane Crashes, Road Rage, & So Much More

By Barry Glassner

Within the age of September 11, the Iraq warfare, monetary cave in, and Amber signals, our society is outlined through worry. So it’s now not remarkable that 3 out of 4 american citizens say they think extra nervous at the present time then they did two decades in the past. yet are we dwelling in enormously risky instances? In The tradition of Fear, sociologist Barry Glassner demonstrates that it's our perception of chance that has elevated, no longer the particular point of hazard. Glassner exposes the folk and organisations that control our perceptions and benefit from our fears, together with advocacy teams that elevate cash by way of exaggerating the superiority of specific ailments and politicians who win elections through heightening matters approximately crime, drug use, and terrorism. during this re-creation of a vintage book—more correct now than while it was once first published—Glassner exposes the associated fee we pay for social panic.

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Straight Sex: Rethinking the Politics of Pleasure (Radical Thinkers)

Is heterosexual intercourse inherently harmful to girls? this can be the relevant query of Straight Sex, Lynne Segal’s account of twentyfive years of feminist pondering on sexuality. overlaying the concept of sixties-era sexual liberationists, along the consequent passionate debates over intercourse and love inside feminist and lesbian groups, Segal covers yes shifts towards better sexual conservatism within the eighties. Straight Sex examines an array of concerns, together with intercourse as a subversive task, the “liberated orgasm,” intercourse suggestion literature, gender uncertainties, queer politics, anti-pornography campaigns and the increase of the ethical correct.

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Dirty: A Search for Answers Inside America's Teenage Drug Epidemic

By Meredith Maran

Venturing into uncharted territory, mom and award-winning journalist Meredith Maran takes us within young ones' hearts, minds, and relevant frightened platforms to discover the explanations and effects of our nation's drug situation. In those pages we get to grasp the youngsters, the fogeys, the therapists, and the drug therapy courses at their most sensible and worst. we are face-to-face with seventeen-year-old Mike, whose existence revolves round promoting, smoking, and snorting velocity; fifteen-year-old Tristan - the boy round the corner - who cannot get adequate pot, capsules, or vodka; and sixteen-year-old Zalika, a runaway, crack broker, and prostitute because the age of twelve. Combining robust on-the-street reporting and groundbreaking learn, Dirty is vital examining for each dad or mum who works with or cares approximately youngsters or teenagers.

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Kids Gone Wild: From Rainbow Parties to Sexting, Understanding the Hype Over Teen Sex

By Joel Best, Kathleen A. Bogle

Winner of the 2015 Brian McConnell publication Award awarded by means of the foreign Society for modern Legend Research

To listen mainstream media assets inform it, the intercourse lives of contemporary childrens outpace even the smuttiest of cable tv exhibits. youngster ladies “sext” particular photographs to boys they prefer; they put on “sex bracelets” that represent what sexual actions they've got performed, or will do; they staff up with different ladies at “rainbow events” to accomplish intercourse acts on teams of prepared teenager boys; they shape “pregnancy pacts” with their top girlfriends to all turn into teenager moms while. From The this present day express, to CNN, to the New York Times, tales of those occasions were featured greatly within the media. yet are so much teenage—or younger—children particularly going to intercourse events and having a number of sexual encounters in an orgy-like type?
 
Researchers say no—teen intercourse is really now not rampant and teenage being pregnant is at low degrees. yet why do tales like those locate such media site visitors, exploiting mom and dad’ worst fears? How do those rumors start, and the way do they commute round the nation or even around the globe?
 
In Kids long past Wild, best-selling authors Joel top and Kathleen A. Bogle use those tales in regards to the fears of the growing to be sexualization of youth to discover what we all know approximately modern legends and the way either conventional media and the net perpetuate those rumors whereas, every now and then, debating their authenticity. most sensible and Bogle describe the method through which such tales unfold, hint how and to the place they've got moved, and music how they could morph as they shuttle from one medium to a different. eventually, they locate that our society’s view of youngsters raging uncontrolled has drastic and unexpected effects, fueling the controversy on intercourse schooling and affecting coverage judgements on every thing from the supply of the morning after tablet to who's integrated on intercourse criminal registries.
 
A outstanding examine the reality in the back of the sensationalism in our tradition, Kids long past Wild is a much-needed warning call for a society made up our minds to think the worst approximately its teens.

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Selfish Whining Monkeys: How we Ended Up Greedy, Narcissistic and Unhappy

By Rod Liddle

With a pointy eye for the magnificently absurd, Rod Liddle units mild to modern day Britain. How did we get to be like this? No prior new release has loved the luxuries we take with no consideration this present day. yet peace has made us complacent, freedom has made us irresponsible, affluence has made us acquisitive, convenience has made us neglectful of others, and safety has made us tremulously insecure.

Unable to defer our gratification even for a second, we need every little thing, and we need it instantly – whether we will be able to have the funds for it or now not. our houses are considered no longer as locations to stay in, yet as 'assets' to generate cash. Our collective civic decency has been changed by way of a chronic, envious feel of victimhood. Sedated by means of a dumbed-down pop culture, we're bullied through a tiny, unrepresentative elite of privileged metropolitan bien pensants, and troubled by means of imaginary health problems (Morgellons, anyone?).

What is it that has reworked the British – who in dwelling reminiscence have been renowned for his or her unassuming, stiff-upper-lipped ability for 'muddling through' – into the feckless, overweight, self-deluding, avaricious and self-obsessed whingers we now have turn into? Savagely humorous and relentlessly opposite, but with a poignant feel of all that we've got misplaced, Rod Liddle mercilessly exposes the absurdity, cant and humbuggery of how we are living now.

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American Afterlife: Encounters in the Customs of Mourning

By Kate Sweeney

Someone dies. What occurs next?

One kin inters their matriarch’s ashes at the flooring of the sea. one other holds a memorial weenie roast every year at a green-burial cemetery. An 1898 advert for embalming fluid delivers, “You could make mummies with it!” whereas a number one modern burial vault is touted as impervious to the weather. A grieving mom, one hundred fifty years in the past, may spend her days tending a backyard at her daughter’s grave. this present day, she may have a tendency the roadside memorial she erected on the spot her daughter was once killed. One mom wears a locket containing her daughter’s hair; the opposite, a necklace containing her ashes.

What occurs after anyone dies relies on our own tales and on the place these tales fall in a bigger tale―that of demise in the USA. It’s a robust story that we frequently continue hidden from our daily lives until eventually we need to face it.

American Afterlife by means of Kate Sweeney finds this global via a collective portrait of usa citizens prior and current who locate themselves in my view concerned with loss of life: a klatch of obit writers within the wilderness, a funeral voyage at the Atlantic, a fourth-generation funeral director―even a midwestern museum that takes us again in time to fulfill our death-obsessed Victorian progenitors. each one tale illuminates information in one other till anything higher is published: a panorama that feels right away unusual and widely used, one that’s by way of turns bizarre, tragic, poignant, and occasionally even funny.

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Social Research: Issues, Methods and Research

By Tim May

This totally revised and up to date renowned textual content effectively bridges the distance among conception and techniques in social study, sincerely illuminating those crucial parts for realizing the dynamics of social relations.

The publication is split into elements, with half one studying the problems and views in social examine and half starting off the equipment and procedures. Updates to this version include:

  • a brand new bankruptcy on case examine learn
  • a brand new concluding bankruptcy
  • hyperlinks to extra web pages and IT functions which are built-in during the ebook
  • up to date experiential examples and situations
  • extra overseas examples

The transparent writing type, bankruptcy summaries, questions for mirrored image and signposts to extra readings proceed to make this e-book the suitable better half to social examine for college students around the social sciences. furthermore, it is going to be acknowledged as a useful resource of reference for these working towards and instructing social examine who desire to retain abreast of key advancements within the field.

With contributions from Beth Perry (University of Salford) and Carole Sutton (University of Plymouth).

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Masculine Domination

Masculine domination is so anchored in our social practices and our subconscious that we rarely understand it; it's so a lot in keeping with our expectancies that we discover it tricky to name into query. Pierre Bourdieu’s research of Kabyle society offers tools to assist us comprehend the main hid facets of the kin among the sexes in our personal societies, and to damage the bonds of misleading familiarity that tie us to our personal tradition.

Bourdieu analyzes masculine domination as a main instance of symbolic violence—the type of mild, invisible, pervasive violence exercised during the daily practices of social lifestyles. to appreciate this way of domination we also needs to study the social mechanisms and institutions—family, institution, church, and state—that remodel heritage into nature and eternalize the arbitrary. basically during this manner will we open up the probabilities for one of those political motion which can positioned heritage in movement back by means of neutralizing the mechanisms that experience naturalized and dehistoricized the family members among the sexes.

This new e-book through Pierre Bourdieu—which has been a bestseller in France—will be crucial studying for a person involved in questions of gender and sexuality and with the buildings that form our social, political, and private lives.

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Alone Together: How Marriage in America Is Changing

Most observers agree that marriage in the USA has been altering. a few imagine it really is in decline, that the expansion of individualism has made it more and more tricky to accomplish pleasant and reliable relationships. Others think that alterations, comparable to expanding gender equality, have made marriage a greater association for males in addition to women.

Based on reports of marital caliber in the USA 20 years aside, this publication takes a center view, exhibiting that whereas the divorce price has leveled off, spouses are spending much less time together―people could be “bowling on my own” nowadays, yet married also are consuming by myself. certainly, the declining social capital of married couples―including the truth that have fewer shared friends―combined with the final erosion of neighborhood ties in American society has had pervasive, unwanted effects on marital quality.

At a similar time, family members source of revenue has elevated, decision-making equality among husbands and better halves is larger, marital clash and violence have declined, and the norm of lifelong marriage enjoys larger aid than ever.

The authors finish that marriage is an adaptable establishment, and in accommodating the great adjustments that experience happened in society over the hot earlier, it has turn into a much less cohesive, but much less confining arrangement.

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