Sociology

The Wal-Mart Effect: How the World's Most Powerful Company Really Works--and How It's Transforming the American Economy

By Charles Fishman

Wal-Mart isn't simply the world's largest corporation, it's most likely the world's so much written-about. yet no publication until eventually this one has controlled to penetrate its wall of silence or transcend the standard polemics to investigate its real results on its buyers, employees, and providers. Drawing on remarkable interviews with former Wal-Mart executives and a wealth of marvelous information (e.g., americans spend $36 million an hour at Wal-Mart shops, and in 2004 its progress by myself used to be larger than the whole profit of 469 of the Fortune 500), The Wal-Mart impact is an intimate examine a enterprise that's dramatically reshaping our lives.

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Diasporas

Coined within the 3rd century B.C., the time period diaspora has advanced right into a buzzword used to explain the migrations of teams as various as ethnic populations, non secular groups, or even engineers operating out of the country. This concise ebook presents a serious creation to the concept that of diaspora, bringing a clean, man made standpoint to almost all features of this subject. Stéphane Dufoix features a wealth of case studies—about the Jewish, Armenian, African, chinese language, Greek, and Indian stories— to demonstrate key suggestions, supply a transparent evaluation on present pondering, and re-evaluate the price of the time period for us today.

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Writing on the Wall: Social Media - The First 2,000 Years

By Tom Standage

Social media is something yet a brand new phenomenon. From the papyrus letters that Cicero and different Roman statesmen used to switch information, to the hand-printed tracts of the Reformation and the pamphlets that unfold propaganda through the American and French revolutions, the methods humans shared details with their friends some time past are echoed within the current. After a long time of newspapers, radio, and tv dominating in dissemination of knowledge, the web has spawned a reemergence of social media as a strong new approach for people to proportion info with their pals, using public discourse in new ways.

Standage reminds us how ancient social networks have a lot in universal with sleek social media. The Catholic Church's dilemmas in responding to Martin Luther's assaults are just like these of modern day huge associations in responding to feedback on the net, for instance, and seventeenth-century court cases in regards to the distractions of coffeehouses reflect glossy matters approximately social media. Invoking figures from Thomas Paine to Vinton Cerf, co-inventor of the net, Standage explores issues that experience lengthy been debated, from the strain among freedom of expression and censorship to social media's position in spurring innovation and fomenting revolution. Writing at the Wall attracts on heritage to forged provocative new mild on present day social media and encourages debate and dialogue approximately how we will speak within the future.

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From Stonehenge to Las Vegas: Archaeology as Popular Culture

By Cornelius Holtorf

Indiana Jones. Lara Croft. Archaeologist as folks hero, detective, treasure hunter. The which means of items lower than the outside. The existence historical past of Stonehenge. Las Vegas' Luxor lodge. Copies of artifacts as modern kitch. The connections among archaeology and modern tradition are unending. Cornelius Holtorf merges archaeological and cultural conception to take readers on an erudite journey of those intersections, utilizing wide-ranging examples and compelling photographs to aid his usually debatable theses. intentionally blurring the borders among past people and present meanings, this formidable venture seeks not less than the redefinition of the time period "archaeology." equivalent components fun, infuriating, and provocative, this paintings will curiosity scholars and academics in archaeology, anthropology, cultural stories and human geography, in addition to pros in background administration and museums.

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Routledge Handbook of Body Studies (Routledge International Handbooks)

In the final 3 a long time, the human physique has received expanding prominence in modern political debates, and it has turn into a principal subject of recent social sciences and arts. glossy applied sciences – reminiscent of organ transplants, stem-cell learn, nanotechnology, plastic surgery and cryonics – have replaced how we predict in regards to the physique.

In this choice of thirty unique essays by means of best figures within the box, those concerns are explored throughout a couple of theoretical and disciplinary views, together with pragmatism, feminism, queer conception, post-modernism, post-humanism, cultural sociology, philosophy and anthropology. a variety of case stories, which come with cosmetics, nutrition, organ transplants, racial our bodies, masculinity and sexuality, consuming issues, faith and the sacred physique, and incapacity, are used to appraise those various perspectives.

In addition, this Handbook explores numerous epistemological ways to the elemental query: what's a physique? It additionally deals a strongly themed variety of chapters on empirical subject matters which are geared up round faith, drugs, gender, know-how and intake. It additionally contributes to the talk over the globalization of the physique: how have army know-how, glossy medication, game and intake resulted in this modern obsession with concerns corporeal?

The Handbook’s transparent, direct kind will entice a large undergraduate viewers within the social sciences, relatively for these learning scientific sociology, gender reviews, activities experiences, incapacity reviews, social gerontology, or the sociology of faith. it is going to serve to consolidate the hot box of physique studies.

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To Flourish or Destruct: A Personalist Theory of Human Goods, Motivations, Failure, and Evil

By Christian Smith

In his 2010 publication What Is a Person?, Christian Smith argued that sociology had for too lengthy missed this primary query. winning social theories, he wrote, don't thoroughly “capture our deep subjective adventure as individuals, an important dimensions of the richness of our personal lived lives, what thinkers in past a long time may need referred to as our ‘souls’ or ‘hearts.’” construction on Smith’s prior paintings, To Flourish or Destruct examines the motivations intrinsic to this subjective adventure: Why do humans do what they do? How will we clarify the job that provides upward push to all human social existence and social structures?
 
Smith argues that our activities stem from a motivation to gain what he calls ordinary human items: ends which are, via nature, constitutionally solid for all humans. He is going directly to discover the methods we will be able to and do fail to achieve those ends—a failure that may lead to various gradations of evil. Rooted in serious realism and trained by means of paintings in philosophy, psychology, and different fields, Smith’s formidable booklet situates the belief of personhood on the heart of our makes an attempt to appreciate how we would form solid human lives and societies.

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Never Say Die: The Myth and Marketing of the New Old Age

By Susan Jacoby

In Never Say Die, Susan Jacoby can provide a courageous, impassioned, and particularly vital warning sign to americans who've lengthy been deluded by way of the damaging delusion extensively new outdated age awaits the massive child increase iteration.
 
Combining ancient, social, and monetary research with own reports of affection and loss, Jacoby unmasks the fallacies promoted by means of twenty-first-century hucksters of toughness, and divulges the dangers of the paranormal considering that stops us from dealing with the true battles of growing older. Never Say Die speaks to american citizens, no matter what their age, who draw braveness and wish from dealing with truth rather than embracing platitudes and delusions, and who are looking to become old with dignity and objective. it's a life-affirming and robust message that hasn't ever been extra relevant.

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The Art of Life

By Zygmunt Bauman

In our individualized society we're all artists of lifestyles – even if we all know it or now not, will it or no longer and prefer it or no longer, through decree of society if no longer through our personal selection. during this society we're all anticipated, rightly or wrongly, to offer our lives function and shape by utilizing our personal abilities and assets, no matter if we lack the instruments and fabrics with which artists’ studios must be built for the artist’s paintings to be conceived and carried out. And we're praised or censured for the consequences – for what we have now controlled or didn't accomplish and for what we've completed and misplaced.
In our liquid sleek society we're additionally taught to think that the aim of the paintings of existence can be and will be happiness – even though it’s now not transparent what happiness is, the pictures of a contented country maintain altering and the nation of happiness is still as a rule anything yet-to-be-reached.

This new booklet through Zygmunt Bauman – the most unique and influential social thinkers writing this present day – isn't a e-book of designs for the paintings of existence nor a ‘how to’ booklet: the development of a layout for all times and how it really is pursued is and can't yet be somebody accountability and person accomplishment. it truly is in its place a super account of stipulations less than which our designs-for-life are selected, of the limitations that would be imposed on their selection and of the interaction of layout, coincidence and personality that form their implementation. final yet no longer least, it's a learn of the ways that our society – the liquid smooth, individualized society of customers – impacts (but doesn't make certain) the way in which we build and narrate our existence trajectories.

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Bottled Up: How the Way We Feed Babies Has Come to Define Motherhood, and Why It Shouldn't

By Suzanne Barston

As the topic of a well-liked internet fact sequence, Suzanne Barston and her husband Steve turned a romantic, airy version for brand new parenthood. known as “A dad or mum is Born,” the program’s tagline was once “The trip to parenthood . . . from being pregnant to supply and beyond.” Barston valiantly surmounted the issues of being pregnant and supply. It was once the “beyond” that threw her for a loop while she chanced on that, regardless of each attempt, she couldn’t breastfeed her son, Leo. this hard come upon with nursing—combined with the overpowering public perspective that breast is not just most sensible, it's the yardstick wherein parenting prowess is measured—drove Barston to discover the silenced, minority place that breastfeeding isn't continuously the perfect selection for each mom and each child.

Part memoir, half renowned technological know-how, and half social observation, Bottled Up probes breastfeeding politics in the course of the lens of Barston’s personal reports in addition to these of the ladies she has met via her well known weblog, The Fearless formulation Feeder. Incorporating specialist critiques, scientific literature, and well known media right into a pithy, frequently wry narrative, Barston bargains a corrective to our infatuation with the breast. Impassioned, well-reasoned, and carefully researched, Bottled Up asks us to imagine with extra nuance and compassion approximately even if breastfeeding should still stay the holy grail of excellent parenthood.

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Homo academicus (Spanish Edition)

Este es el libro mas own de Pierre Bourdieu, por que en el aplica su capacidad interpretativa a su propio ambito: el mundo universitario. En este sentido, el analisis que propone tiene una impronta casi autobiografica, pero sobre todo un marcado compromiso intelectual. Bourdieu demuestra que el campo de l. a. universidad es el lugar de una constante lucha de poderes que se desarrolla siguiendo una logica especifica: el poder academico y el prestigio intelectual o cientifico son los dos polos de esa lucha, y las disciplinas y las practicas dominantes se distribuyen en torno a ellos. Siglo Veintiuno Editores publica por primera vez en castellano esta obra en los angeles cual Pierre Bourdieu detiene su lucida mirada en el mundo universitario para senalar y describir l. a. lucha de poderes constante en el campo academico. Para el autor, esta lucha se desarrolla siguiendo una logica especifica, donde el poder academico y el prestigio intelectual o cientifico son los dos polos opuestos, mientras que las disciplinas y las practicas dominantes y dominadas se distribuyen en torno a ellos. Como se manifiesta este juego de fuerzas e intereses? Segun Bourdieu, esto ocurre en los conflictos entre facultades o entre disciplinas; en las pujas por lograr horarios de clases, recursos economicos y humanos; en los angeles reproduccion del cuerpo docente, en los angeles endogamia de ese cuerpo y en sus modos de reclutamiento y seleccion; y en los angeles exclusion de los adversarios. Es una ilusion pensar que los angeles produccion intelectual esta exenta de determinismos o que surge del ejercicio libre e independiente del pensamiento, sostiene Bourdieu. Por el contrario, asegura que esa produccion esta condicionada por l. a. ubicacion y los angeles trayectoria en el espacio academico, y quienes se consagran al saber (los que lo construyen y lo transmiten, pero tambien los estudiantes) no deberian soslayar esta evidencia.

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